Almost every child develops certain kinds of behaviour which are annoying or embarrassing to the adults to handle. Adults frequently label such behaviour as “problem behaviour”. Behaviour problem is a deviation from the accepted behaviour pattern of behaviour on the part of individual in a society. There are many factors as seen by Montessori Training which are responsible for the problematic behaviour of the child in the family for instance.
1. Parents attitudes
4. Parents imbalanced relationship
5. Lack of Parental love
1. Relationship with teacher, and
2. Classmates and playmates.
According to Online Early Childhood Education there are so many types of behaviour problems such as stealing, thumb sticking, day dreaming, temper tantrum, bed wetting masturbation, nail biting etc.
Thumb sucking is the earliest form of habitual manipulation which is rarely seen even in infants that are just born. It is a reflex involving the touch of the lips aided by foetal posture. It is an acquired habit during the first year of life. Any fingers may be sucked. It is usually the thumb and hence, the term thumb sucking is used. While children suck the finger of one hand, the other hand engages itself in other movements which are accessory movements. Some children d o it all the time and some others prefer to do it just before going to sleep. Hunger, embarrassment, shame, fatigue, boredom, unpleasant experience may result in this habit.
This is the most widespread habit which involves biting manipulation. This is seen in a number of children and also in a few adults. Age, intelligence, etc; do not seem to have any correlation with the habit. This is “an everyday problem of every child”. Thumb sucking is indulged in an set of satisfaction but nail biting is an expression of tenseness by anticipation of a difficult test or parental punishment or any other excitement, e.g., during an interview, at the start point children do not bite their nails but when questions involving difficulty are put to them they start biting the nails. Thumb suckers are relatively calm and placid, but nail bitters are usually hyper active and fidgety. Nail biting is a combination of tension and combined with the pattern of behaviour of the older members of the family. Nail biting usually is a difficult problem in childhood to treat.
Lying and stealing
Willing falsification of facts is not known to children of 3 or 4 years until it is introduced into his receptive equilibrium, either directly or indirectly from outside. Misstatements may be found in children. In the beginning period of acquisition of speech, lying is absent. Imperfection of the linguistic tools of children sometimes gives impression to lying. Wrong interpretation and immature elaboration of things seen and heard may give impression of lying. Types of lies:
1. Simple reversal of truth, saying “no” for “yes”.
2. Exaggeration. Teacher’s small praises, father’s strength, influence income, etc., are exaggerated by the children.
3. Fabrications. Incidents like fire which has not occurred, experience of a good trip which has not been made are instances of fabrication.
Lies may be uttered by the children in three different varieties of situations:
1. in self-defense to avoid punishment.
2. Imitation of adult behaviour,
3. To receive attention and admiration.